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India's Educational Evolution:NEP 2020

“The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn”

These are the lines used by American businessman Alvin Toffler. The word literacy is loosely referred to as the ability of an individual to be able to read and write and with that, it makes India’s 77 percent of the population literate. What percentage of Indians are literate in Alvin Toffler’s definition?


This new idea of literacy clearly resonates with Education, its importance and its impacts on the human mind. Education has always remained a central subject for the GOI and the introduction of NEP2020 tries to do justice with that statement.


The policy covers elementary education to Higher education in rural and urban India. It mainly focuses on vocational and skill-based education in India. It focuses on an interdisciplinary approach or the so-called Western idea of education that Plato and Aristotle greatly

emphasized.


● It aims to increase state expenditure on education to 6% of the GDP as soon as

possible. In the recent budget of 2023, Education got its highest-ever allocation which stands at around 1,12,899.47cr.

● It sets up an enormous task of raising the GER in higher education from 26.3%(2018) to 50% by 2035. Digitalisation of higher education and open learning systems are greatly encouraged and talked about.

● It emphasizes making the curriculum flexible through an interdisciplinary approach, creating multiple entry and exit points. It also talks about the ABC system of accounting credit.

● The education system is rich with segmentation and specialization rates that prevent students from having a comprehensive understanding. This is hugely discouraged by the authorities



The National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) brings up an Ideal vision of education, but its implementation at the grassroots level has encountered several challenges. One of these challenges has emerged in the form of skill-based courses introduced under the policy, where a deficiency in faculty skill sets has become apparent in numerous colleges. Furthermore, among the student body, two distinct and opinionated communities have surfaced. On one hand, there

are students who are enthusiastic and content about the prospect of exploring interdisciplinary education, they view it as an opportunity to broaden their horizons. On the other hand, there exists another group showing concerns about the potential dilution of the core subjects they are passionate about studying. These contrasting viewpoints help us understand diverse perspectives within the student community and the complexities associated with NEP 2020s implementation.


The New Education Policy 2020 has the potential to help make substantial changes in the higher education system. However, its impact depends on the execution of its various aspects.


To ensure the policy's success, it will be crucial to closely monitor its implementation and systematically assess its effects over time.

To sum it up, the New Education Policy 2020 can bring big changes to higher education in India. But to make it work, here's what needs to happen:


First, the government should provide enough money, especially for training teachers. Teachers are super important, so investing in them is the key.

Next, we need a system to keep an eye on how things are going. This system can help us see what's working and what's not, so we can make adjustments.


Also, education isn't just about the government; it's a team effort. Students, parents, teachers, and even groups from society should all talk and work together. This way, everyone's needs are considered.


Lastly, the NEP 2020 is changing how teachers teach and how universities are run. This could make our college experience much better.


So, if we stick to these ideas and really commit to the NEP 2020, we could have a future where education is better for all of us college students. It's a big challenge, but it's also a big opportunity for positive change.

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